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Madinina the island of flowers



French overseas department, Martinique, with a nickname like "the island of flowers", will seduce you with its diversity of landscapes.Located 7,000 km from the mainland and 2,900 km from North America, Martinique is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.With an area of 1080 km2, this island measures 80 km in its greatest length and 39 km in its greatest width.Its population is the most mixed of the Lesser Antilles islands.



It is divided into 2 "regions", the south and the north.In the south, the landscapes are more arid and made up of hills that can reach up to 505m in altitude (Vauclin mountain)
All along the coast, there are small bays called "coves", where the beaches are superb with clear water and white sand.
In the north, the relief is more mountainous and the vegetation is very luxuriant. Dominated by the Peeled Mountain (highest point of the island at 1397m), the Pitons du Carbet and Morne Jacob, this part of the island offers volcanic sand beaches.
In the north, you will find pineapple and banana crops.
On the Atlantic side, few beaches are accessible because the coast is very steep and as if jagged by the ocean (see circuit n°2).

The climate



Martinique is a hot and humid tropical country with an average annual temperature of 26°.There are 2 seasons: the Lenten season and the winter season.The hot and dry Lent extends from December to May with a period of great dryness from February to April when the sunshine is maximum. The temperature in this season varies between 27° and 34°.The wetter winter season lasts from June to November and is characterized by an important cyclonic risk.The relief also plays a determining role and conditions the rainfall regime: the mountainous regions of the north, more rainy, have a cooler climate than that of the coast.The sun is present all year round and the island is rocked by the trade winds coming from the east and north/east.
Martinique thus benefits from a temperate oceanic climate that can be enjoyed all year round.
HISTORY
Important dates in the history of Martinique
Before 1493 : Arawaks and Caribs successively populate the islands of the Lesser Antilles.1502 : Christopher Columbus discovers Martinique.September 1635 : Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc disembarked at Carbet and began the colonization of the island.1636: The first slaves arrived in Martinique to work in the sugarcane fields.1658 : disappearance of the last Caribbean Indians.1848 : Abolition of slavery. The colonists called for laborers from India.May 8, 1902 : Eruption of Mount Pelée and total destruction of the city of Saint-Pierre.March 19, 1946: Martinique becomes a French Department.1982 : With the law of decentralization, Martinique becomes a region. Nowadays, Martinique is both a region and a department.

History



Important dates in the history of Martinique
Before 1493 : Arawaks and Caribs successively populate the islands of the Lesser Antilles.1502 : Christopher Columbus discovers Martinique.September 1635 : Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc disembarked at Carbet and began the colonization of the island.1636: The first slaves arrived in Martinique to work in the sugarcane fields.1658 : disappearance of the last Caribbean Indians.1848 : Abolition of slavery. The colonists called for laborers from India.May 8, 1902 : Eruption of Mount Pelée and total destruction of the city of Saint-Pierre.March 19, 1946: Martinique becomes a French Department.1982 : With the law of decentralization, Martinique becomes a region. Nowadays, Martinique is both a region and a department.